LED - The Lightning Solution Of The 21st Century

Rohit Tibrewala, CEO, Nexa ElectricalsNexa Electricals offers distinct technical assistance to the niche ceiling fan industry and blending the three concepts of innovation, customer centric approach and aesthetics to offer robust and visually appealing products to the consumers.

This decade has seen a massive change in the lightning space with LED lightning evolving as a major contributor to the segment. The savings in energy, longer product life and different form factors has drawn the attention of consumers, governments and companies. As per analysts, the LED market is bound to grow at 30 percent CAGR during 2016-2021. The direct benefits in power savings over CFL and incandescent bulbs with the long life of the product make the LED bulbs a suitable replacement to existing fixtures. The literate public of India directly understands this and hence any new construction or replacement is automatically being converted to LED based lightning solutions. By using the LED lightning solutions, the user is bound to save anywhere between 70-85 percent on power bills compared to CFL and incandescent bulbs. The government is a major buyer for LED lightning considering the huge savings in energy. For a vastly populated country like ours, power has always been a challenge and the savings generated by using LED in power consumption is a huge boon for the country. Some of the initiatives by the government are as under.

Street Lightning
Government of India, through the Energy Efficiency Services Limited(EESL) under the Ministry of Power, would be retrofitting 10 lakh conventional street lights with LED lights in Gram Panchayats of seven districts in Andhra Pradesh. This is the first project for rural LED street lighting in the country under the Government of India's Street Lighting National Project(SLNP). In the first phase, the re-placement will be undertaken in gram panchayats of the districts of Guntur, Prakasham, Nellore, Kurnool, Kadapa, Ananthapur and Chittoor. This replacement drive in rural areas will help the gram panchayats to cumulatively save approximately 147 million units of electricity annually and lead to reduction of 12 crore tonnes of CO2). As part of the project, EESL would be carrying out the entire annual maintenance and warranty replacement in these gram panchayats for a period of 10 years.

Earlier this year, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu, had stated that approximately 30 lakh conventional street lights across villages in the state would be replaced by LED street lights by 2018. Through the installation of 10 lakh LED street lights, EESL has assured the State government of approximately 59 percent savings in electricity, which translates to annual monetary savings of Rs. 88.2 crores.
AndhraPradesh was the first state to seek assistance from EESL to replace conventional street lighting with LED lighting in Visakhapatnam, after the cyclone Hudhud caused extensive damage to the then existing street lighting infrastructure. Ever since then, EESL has installed over 5,90,000 LED street lights in the State. These installations have led to an annual savings of over 7.8 crore kWh, translating into an annual reduction of over 65,000 tonnes of CO2.

By using the LED lightning solutions the user is bound to save anywhere between 70-85 percent on power bills compared to CFL and incandescent bulbs

Indian Railways
The next major buyer is the Indian Railways. As per press release o 19.12.2017 the Indian Railways has committed to provide 100 percent LED lightning on all its stations by end of financial year. The status of work on that date was as follows:
•As of November-2017, 3500 railways stations have already been provided with 100 percent LED Lights
•20 Lakh LED lights have been replaced at Stations across various Zonal Railways under this programme.
•Indian Railways has also issued policy for use of only LED lights in all railway coaches/EMU, 1300 Non AC Coaches already converted with 100 percent LED light.

International Contributions by India towards LED:
Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under Ministry of Power, Government of India has launched UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable Lighting for All) Scheme in the State of Melaka, Malaysia today. The Scheme was launched by Chief Minister of Melaka Datuk Seri Utama Ir. Hj. Idris Bin Hj. Haron. In due course of time, the successful Indian model of UJALA scheme has become a sought after example for the different nations of the world and will now be implemented in Melaka to extend programme benefits to people of the region. Under this scheme, each household in Melaka will get 10 high quality 9watt LED bulbs at a cost of only RM 10, which is a special price and is almost half of what in begin offered in the market. The distribution of these LED bulb will take place from 28 numbers of Japerun in the region. These Japerun are a unique community welfare and engagement centers, which are situated across the Melakan State. Under the extensive and ever expanding idea of UJALA, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) plans to distribute about one million 9W LED bulbs, which will replace 18W CFLs. The initiative will have the logistical assistance and facilitation support from Green Growth Asia, which is a not for profit organization. The price of each bulb will be way lesser than global average price of the LED bulbs, which still swings between $3-5. Notably, each bulb that is being provided by EESL under the UJALA scheme in Melaka comes with a 3 year free replacement warranty against any technical defects. These bulbs sent from India will be of leading brands and manufacturers like Osram & Philips along with other companies of repute.

Drive in Growth of Manufacturing:
In light of the above demand, a lot of SME manufacturers have mushroomed in various cities manufacturing LED bulbs, tube lights, fixtures, and streetlights. This in turn has added to the demand of ancillaries that manufacture components for LED units. This has led to
•Increase in employment in the country.
•Less dependency on China for imported parts
•Various grades and qualities of SKUs at various price ranges
•Rise in unorganized sector for bulbs

The Way Forward:
LED industry in India is still at a nascent stage. There are a lot many factors at the consumer end as to selecting the right LED solutions for your home. Most consumers today buy on the Wattage of the LED bulb ignoring the Lux Level and Lumens of the fixture. Both Lux and Lumens play a very important role while selecting the right LED fixture for any use. How ever, some companies are educating their customers about these elements in their sales pitch to ensure that the customer buys the right product at the right price which will eventually lead to a balanced and matured market over the coming years.